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This Revenue Recognition Overview was presented by Shauna Watson on June 2, 2016 in Philadelphia, PA.
Shauna Watson is the Global Managing Director of Finance & Accounting at RGP.
The speaker discusses the effects of the new Revenue Recognition Standards such as
-It eliminates all industry-specific guidance,replacing it with one Standard,
– specific accounting may have the most difficulty with implementation
– All companies that enter into contracts with customers to transfer goods, services or Nonfinancial Assets.
Watson presented key provisions such as
-The Objective is to converge standards and provide a single, high
quality standard to recognize revenue consistently across entities and jurisdictions
-It Replaces existing revenue guidance in US GAAP and IFRS
-If the criteria are not met, the contract is not accounted for using the five step method in the new standard and any consideration received from the customer is generally recognized as a liability
The speaker continued to speak on collectability which refers to a customer’s intent and ability to pay the amount of promised consideration when it is due. She argued the criteria of cash basis collectability.
For consideration received prior to existence of a contract (i.e. meeting all Step 1 criteria), recognize as a liability until:
- The contract been terminated and the consideration received is nonrefundable.
- b) There is no remaining performance obligations and all, or substantially all, of the consideration been received and is nonrefundable.
- c) The entity has transferred control of the goods or services and stopped transferring additional good or services (with no obligation to transfer additional goods or services), AND the consideration received is nonrefundable.
Watson spoke about identifying separate performance obligations in contracts which includes a good or service’s benefit on its own and a good or service’s readily availability, customer options for additional goods and services, and warranties.
She also discussed allocating transaction prices to separate performance obligations such as estimating standalone selling prices by considering the expected cost plus a margin approach.
Watson closed her presentation with a discussion on recognizing revenue as performance obligations are satisfied. This includes
-Recognizing revenue overtime has an objective to select an appropriate method to measure progress toward completion of the performance obligation in a manner that best depicts the transfer of goods or services to the customer.
– Recognizing revenue at a certain point in time allows the customer to have an unconditional or present obligation to pay, have a legal title, and have the physical possession.